After Pakistani economy, Pakistanis are going to face another problem which reached at the verge of stress level of every person who is volubly afraid about the shortage of water, according to the United Nations Development Program [UNDP] and the Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources [PCRWR], the alarm bells began to ring that Pakistan would marked as “water-scarce” country if it didn’t mend it’s ways soon.
Previously, Chief Justice of Pakistan’s initiative was brilliant. He launched a campaign [Chief Justice Dam Fund], collected donations from nation and promised to build the Diamer Bhasha and Mohammad Dam where Pakistani citizens contributed over $70 million. Prime Minister Imran Khan had announced his backing for the plan, but unfortunately after collecting donations, Chief Justice settled himself safely in UK so the plan went in vain.
Reports stated that The Indus river system accepts yearly incursion of about 134.8 million acres feet [MAF] of water. The mean annual rainfall ranges from less than 100 millimeters to 750 millimeters. Surface water encompasses glacial melt up to 41 percent and snowmelt up to 22 percent. In terms of underground water accessibility, Pakistan is currently extracting 50 MAF from underground aquifers.
Dr Pervaiz Amir, director of the Pakistan Water Partnership (PWP) believed that plans were intended and executed for the people and the civil society should had been involved in debates and discussions towards that end.
Baluchistan had already set its water policy whereas Punjab and Sindh are working on theirs, he explained further that it was very vibrant that the local policies were consistent and must not be in clash with the national water policy of Pakistan.
Instead of stimulating old horses, a healthier decision is to establish a new institution which had a diverse set of experts, not just engineers, he added.
Through CPEC [China Pakistan Economic Corridor], investments would be increased continued Dr. Amir, but unfortunately it was stopped by our current government. If we started that program again then the question about CPEC would integrate with water demands immediate attention. We should know the supply and demand side.
Pakistan anguishes largely diverged into issues of quality and quantity. The water coming into our systems over past five decades hasn’t changed much but demand has soared due to exponential rise in population.
However, existing resources cannot sustain that population boom while its capacity has also been reduced over the years. Water is used for irrigation purposes like rice, sugarcane.
People’s livelihood is also dependent on water, without awareness about how to waste water or utilize efficient irrigation methods.